HIV is a virus that can weaken the body’s natural defence system, leading to more infectious diseases and even cancer. It is spread by contact with infected blood and body fluids. This article discusses the symptoms, treatments, and precautions that should be taken if someone you care about has been diagnosed with HIV.
What is World Aids Vaccine Day?
World AIDS Vaccine Day is an annual event celebrated on the 18th of May to raise public awareness about the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS. It was first observed in 1998 and is now recognized as a Global Day of Advocacy.
What is HIV/AIDS?
HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, often leading to AIDS. There is no cure for HIV, but treatments can help manage the disease and prolong life.
Early diagnosis and treatment of HIV are critical for reducing the risk of transmission to others. Diagnosis is made through a blood test that detects antibodies to HIV. Treatment options depend on the severity of the infection. But as said, precautions like getting aids vaccine done can help.
HIV-associated illnesses (HAPs), which include AIDS, are on the rise around the world, partly because people are living longer with the virus. There is no cure for HAPs, but treatments can improve the quality of life.
How is HIV diagnosed?
The main way that HIV is diagnosed is by taking a blood sample from someone who is suspected of being infected and then testing it for the presence of the virus. However, there are other ways to diagnose HIV as well. For example, an HIV test can be used to see if a person has antibodies against the virus, which may suggest that they have been infected. Additionally, doctors may also perform a biopsy on the lymph nodes in someone’s neck to see if they are infected with HIV.
If you are feeling sick or have any concerns about your health, please call your doctor.
To prevent HIV infection:
- Use a condom every time when having intercourse. This helps protect one from getting HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
- Tell your sex partner about your HIV status and other health conditions. This will help your partner take precautions to avoid getting infections.
- Get vaccinated against HPV (human papillomavirus), which can also lead to cervical cancer. HPV is common and can be spread through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. HPV vaccines are available at most health clinics.
- Stay healthy overall by eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep. These habits help keep the immune system strong and protect from getting infections.
According to IAVI , 38 million people are sufferings from HIV, along them 27% of people are living with HIV don’t have access to the treatment and 20+ HIV Vaccine clinical trials are going on.
HIV AIDS Common Symptoms
The following are common symptoms of HIV/AIDS. If you experience any of these symptoms, please consult a doctor.
- Rapid weight loss.
- A decreased appetite.
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Extreme fatigue.
- A fever above 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius).
- Joint pain, swelling and redness.
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, armpits or groin area.
- A decrease in white blood cell count (leukopenia).
- Dark patches on the tongue or inside the mouth (mouth sores).
- Pre-existing conditions that become worse, such as anaemia, hepatitis C, or tuberculosis, can lead to an increased risk of contracting HIV AIDS if not treated properly.
There is currently no cure for HIV, but there are treatments available that can help people live longer and healthier lives. Treatment typically starts with medication to suppress the immune system and then switches to antiretroviral drugs when the person’s virus has been controlled.
There are many different treatments for HIV/AIDS, and the best one for a person depends on their specific needs. However, some of the most common treatments include antiretroviral therapy (ART), prophylactic therapy (preventing new infections), and counselling and support.
- ART is a very effective way to treat HIV/AIDS. It involves taking multiple drugs to suppress the virus and prevent it from spreading. ART is typically prescribed for people who have been infected with HIV for at least three months and who have an AIDS diagnosis.
- Preventive therapy is also an important part of treating HIV/AIDS. This means taking steps to avoid getting infected in the first place. Some of the most common ways to prevent infection include using condoms every time you have intercourse, avoiding contact with blood or body fluids that may contain HIV, and getting regular check-ups.
- Counselling and support are also important aspects of treatment for HIV/AIDS. Counselling can help people deal with the emotions they may feel as a result of their diagnosis, while support groups can offer a community of people who understand what you’re going through.
Prevention is key to avoiding HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Being aware of the risks involved in sexual activity is one way to stay safe. We being healthcare practitioner, we urge to get AIDS Vaccine done.
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