What is Hepatitis
Hepatitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the liver. Alcohol, many health conditions, and some kinds of medications can cause this condition. But, viral infections are considered to be the most common cause of hepatitis. Let’s dig deeper and know about the different types of hepatitis, their symptoms, prevention, and care.
Types of Hepatitis
The five major viral classifications of hepatitis are hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Different viruses are responsible for each kind of viral hepatitis.
- Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is caused by an infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Such kind of hepatitis is considered to be an acute, but short-term disease.
- Hepatitis B
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) leads to hepatitis B. It is generally an ongoing, chronic condition. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) expects that around 826,000Trusted Source people are alive with chronic hepatitis B in the United States alone and almost 257 million people the world over.
- Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV is said to be among the most common bloodborne viral infections in the US and typically reflects a long-term condition. As per the CDC, almost 2.4 million AmericansTrusted Source are presently alive with a chronic form of this infection.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that 354 million trusted Source people are currently alive with chronic hepatitis B and C the world over
- Hepatitis D
It is a rare form of hepatitis that only occurs in connection with hepatitis B infection. The hepatitis D virus (HDV) leads to liver inflammation similar to other strains. An important aspect to note here is that a person cannot contract HDV without having an existing hepatitis B infection. All over the world, HDV affects 5 percent of the Trusted Source of people having chronic hepatitis B.
- Hepatitis E
This is a waterborne disease that happens from exposure to the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis E is primarily found in places with poor sanitation and typically happens due to ingesting fecal matter which contaminates the water supply.
Common symptoms of hepatitis
If you are living with a chronic form of hepatitis, like hepatitis B and C, you may not show symptoms until the damage affects liver function. By contrast, people with acute hepatitis may present with symptoms shortly after contracting the hepatitis virus. The most common symptoms of infectious hepatitis include:
- Abdominal pain
- Dark urine
- Pale stool
- Flu-like symptoms
- Unexplained weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Yellow skin and eyes, which may be a signal of jaundice.
Prevention of Hepatitis
Some vaccines can help to protect against several hepatitis viruses. Such vaccines are easily available at any Multispeciality Hospital. Minimizing the risk of exposure to items containing viruses can even be an important preventive step.
- A vaccine for hepatitis A is available at any general surgery hospital in surat. It can help to prevent the contraction of HAV. The vaccine is a series of two doses. Most children begin vaccination at age of 12 to 23 months. This vaccine is also available for adults and can also be combined with the hepatitis B vaccine available at any Multispeciality Hospital.
- Hepatitis B vaccinations are recommended for all newborns. Pediatrics generally administer a series of three vaccines during the first 6 months of childhood. The government also recommends the vaccine to all healthcare and medical personnel. Having vaccination against hepatitis B can even prevent the occurrence of hepatitis D.
- Presently there are no vaccines for hepatitis C or E.
- Reducing exposure
Hepatitis viruses can transfer from one person to another by coming in contact with bodily fluids, water, and foods having infectious agents. Minimizing the risk of contact with such substances may help to prevent contracting hepatitis viruses.
Get in touch with the best Multi Speciality Hospital to get the rid of the Hepatitis. Get in touch with Nirmal Hospital Now.
Nirmal Hospitals has essential infrastructure. Being Multispeciality Hospital in Surat, It offers healthcare treatments & one-stop place with all facilities like neonatology, nephrology, gynecology, neurology.