Parents must know about the Most Common Health Problems in Newborns. They are susceptible to the changing environment. The birth activates the baby’s immune system, which attracts certain bacteria and viruses. It takes a while for him to adapt to an outside environment other than the womb. Thus, a newborn can easily catch several diseases. As the immune system develops, these diseases come and go and usually pertain to no long-term harm to the baby.
Several physical conditions are normal for a newborn. Our neonatologist at Nirmal Hospital- a multispecialty hospital in Surat, shall give you a thorough insight into five common health problems among newborns and their treatment and cure.
Here are the most common health problems in newborns
Jaundice is the most common health problem among newborns. Jaundice appears when the baby is 3-4 days old and typically lasts for a week or ten days. “Physiological jaundice” occurs due to the excess of bilirubin in the blood, which is the breakdown of old red blood cells. As the newborn’s liver is not fully developed, it is hard for them to pass out the excessive bilirubin. Thus, they develop Jaundice.
It is a condition marked by yellowish skin colour. It begins with the face, moves to the chest and stomach, and finally to the legs. A baby’s eyes also have what appear to be yellow whites. Babies with extremely high bilirubin levels could be tired, irritable, floppy, or have feeding issues.
Jaundice can be caused by several reasons like prematurity, insufficient breast milk, genetic issues, etc. The symptoms of Jaundice go away in 1 week but may take ten days to disappear completely. A pediatric neonatologist can help with further treatment if the symptoms prevail longer.
Colic is the most frequent and common health problem in newborns. The newborn may excessively cry without a particular reason. Occurring between the second and fourth weeks, Colic is more severe than general fussiness. The baby cries & screams inconsolably. The bouts of Colic appear in the late afternoon and can go on for hours. The symptoms usually clear up after three months. A colic child can be hard to handle for parents because there is no particular reason as to why it may occur. Pediatric neonatologist suggests several reasons like pains can cause it due to indigestion, overfeeding/underfeeding, unsuitability for formula milk, etc.
Usually, the symptoms of Colic reside for a few hours but can create an anxious and fearful environment for parents. As neonatologists, we would suggest not giving any medicine for Colic. Instead, you can perform several soothing exercises to calm your baby. Like pick up your baby in your arms and stroll around, rub his back & stomach, swaddle the baby by wrapping him in a blanket, or rock the baby till he cools down.
If your baby’s cry sounds odd (such as shrieks of anguish) or if it persists for an unusually long period despite your best efforts, consult your pediatrician and consider monitoring his temperature.
3). Diaper Rash
Diaper Rash is a common health problem among newborns marked by reddish and inflamed skin on a baby’s bottom. It is very common in newborns due to their sensitive skin. The symptoms of diaper rash include itchy & tender skin near the buttocks, sores, and fussiness or discomfort during diaper changes. It can be caused due to wet or infrequent diaper changes, skin sensitivity, or chafing.
Diaper rash is easily treatable at home. The home remedies include frequent diaper changes, drying the baby, using a cotton cloth instead of store-bought diapers, and medically assisted ointments. Also, have a habit of washing the baby with lukewarm water every time they soil the diaper.
If the baby’s skin condition does not improve after applying the home remedies, it is advisable to consult a pediatric neonatologist. Prescription medications are advised. Mind unusual symptoms like a rash with a fever, bleeding from the rashes, or severe burning sensations during urination or bowel movements. It is advisable to consult your health care provider immediately.
Once in a while, every newborn suffers from a fever. It is a very common health problem in newborns and usually pertains no harm to them. It is often considered a healthy sign because the body can fight infections.
The typical body temperature of a newborn will change depending on his age, activity level, and the time of day. The average rectal temperature is 37.8 degrees Celsius.
A fever is typically a sign or symptom of another issue rather than a sickness in and of itself. Several things might cause fevers, including underlying infection, recent immunization, change in the season, a common ailment in breastfeeding mothers, etc.
Remember, it is okay for a baby to catch a fever or cold. But if the symptoms are combined with diarrhea, vomiting, or a rash, then it is essential to consult the pediatric neonatologist immediately.
5). Gas or Bloated Belly
Most newborns suffer from a gassy stomach at an early age of 2 months. After feedings, infants will become fussy and cry, sometimes appearing to improve with gas passage. Newborns suffer from a bloated stomach or abdomen after getting the feed which is usually hard on the touch.
Gas is another very common health problem in newborns with several remedies. It can usually be caused by excessive crying, minor digestive issue, unsuitable baby formula, immature digestive tract, or a gastrointestinal virus. The cure includes:
- Changing baby formula.
- OTC gas medications.
- Burping the baby more often, and in severe cases.
- Consulting the pediatric neonatologist.
Those mentioned above are the most common health problems in newborns. Parents need not worry because these symptoms come and go as the baby’s immune system develops. If the symptoms exceed over time, the infant may be experiencing an underlying condition that only an expert can detect.
We advise taking a nod from your trusted pediatric neonatologist before starting any medications. You can always consult our pediatric neonatologist in Surat for an in-depth screening of your child. Our team of pediatricians and neonates specialists is equipped with a specialized neonatology department for early and effective care of the infant
At Nirmal Hospital we’ve s a well-trained team of best pediatrician in surat who has experience in comprehensive care for children of all ages.
Book appointment with our pediatrician at 0261-4089922.